Commit f719bfd3e241c118699e02ee985f454160fd1c6c

Authored by Diego Ceccarelli
1 parent da44d9d7

fixed bugs in English article json conversion

src/main/java/it/cnr/isti/hpc/wikipedia/parser/ArticleParser.java
... ... @@ -164,25 +164,45 @@ public class ArticleParser {
164 164 private void setRedirect(Article article) {
165 165 if (!article.getRedirect().isEmpty())
166 166 return;
167   - for (List<String> lists : article.getLists()) {
168   - for (String line : lists) {
169   - for (String redirect : redirects) {
170   - if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(line, redirect)) {
171   - int pos = line.indexOf(' ');
172   - if (pos < 0)
173   - return;
174   - String red = line.substring(pos).trim();
175   - red = Article.getTitleInWikistyle(red);
176   - article.setRedirect(red);
177   - article.setType(Type.REDIRECT);
  167 + List<List<String>> lists = article.getLists();
  168 + if ((!lists.isEmpty()) && (lists.get(0).isEmpty())) {
  169 + // checking only first item in first list
  170 + String line = lists.get(0).get(0);
  171 +
  172 + for (String redirect : redirects) {
  173 + if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(line, redirect)) {
  174 + int pos = line.indexOf(' ');
  175 + if (pos < 0)
178 176 return;
  177 + String red = line.substring(pos).trim();
  178 + red = Article.getTitleInWikistyle(red);
  179 + article.setRedirect(red);
  180 + article.setType(Type.REDIRECT);
  181 + return;
179 182  
180   - }
181 183 }
182 184 }
183 185 }
184 186 }
185 187  
  188 + // for (List<String> lists : article.getLists()) {
  189 + // for (String line : lists) {
  190 + // for (String redirect : redirects) {
  191 + // if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(line, redirect)) {
  192 + // int pos = line.indexOf(' ');
  193 + // if (pos < 0)
  194 + // return;
  195 + // String red = line.substring(pos).trim();
  196 + // red = Article.getTitleInWikistyle(red);
  197 + // article.setRedirect(red);
  198 + // article.setType(Type.REDIRECT);
  199 + // return;
  200 + //
  201 + // }
  202 + // }
  203 + // }
  204 + // }
  205 +
186 206 /**
187 207 * @param article
188 208 * @param page
... ... @@ -192,8 +212,9 @@ public class ArticleParser {
192 212 if (StringUtils.startsWithIgnoreCase(mediawiki, redirect)) {
193 213 int start = mediawiki.indexOf("[[") + 2;
194 214 int end = mediawiki.indexOf("]]");
195   - if (start < 0 || end < 0){
196   - logger.warn("cannot find the redirect {}\n mediawiki: {}",article.getTitle(), mediawiki);
  215 + if (start < 0 || end < 0) {
  216 + logger.warn("cannot find the redirect {}\n mediawiki: {}",
  217 + article.getTitle(), mediawiki);
197 218 continue;
198 219 }
199 220 String r = Article.getTitleInWikistyle(mediawiki.substring(
... ...
src/test/java/it/cnr/isti/hpc/wikipedia/article/en/ArticleTest.java
... ... @@ -72,6 +72,18 @@ public class ArticleTest {
72 72 }
73 73  
74 74  
  75 + @Test
  76 + public void testNotRedirect() throws IOException {
  77 + Article a = new Article();
  78 + String mediawiki = IOUtils.getFileAsUTF8String("./src/test/resources/en/liberalism.txt");
  79 + parser.parse(a, mediawiki);
  80 + System.out.println(a.getRedirect());
  81 + assertTrue(! a.isRedirect());
  82 +
  83 +
  84 + }
  85 +
  86 +
75 87  
76 88  
77 89 }
... ...
src/test/resources/en/mercedes.txt
1   -{{About|the manufacturer|the song|Mercedes Benz (song)}}{{pp-move-vandalism|small=yes}}{{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}}{{Infobox company|company_name = Mercedes-Benz|company_logo = [[File:Mercedes-Benz logo.svg|178px|Mercedes-Benz logo]]|company_type = [[Subsidiary]]|predecessor = [[Benz &amp; Cie.]]&lt;br&gt;[[Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft]]|foundation = 1886|founder = [[Karl Benz]]|location_city = [[Stuttgart]]|location_country = Germany|locations = &lt;!-- number of physical production sites/locations the company has --&gt;|area_served =Worldwide|key_people = [[Dieter Zetsche]], [[Chairman]]|industry = Manufacturing|products = Automobiles&lt;br /&gt;Trucks&lt;br /&gt;[[Bus]]es&lt;br /&gt;[[Internal combustion engine]]s|services = Financial services|revenue =|operating_income =|net_income =|assets =|equity =|num_employees =|parent = [[Daimler AG]]|owner =|divisions = [[Mercedes-Benz AMG]]|subsid =|homepage = {{URL|http://www.mercedes-benz.com}}|footnotes =|intl = yes}}'''Mercedes-Benz''' ({{IPA-de|mɛʁˈtseːdəs ˈbɛnts}}) is a multinational division of the German manufacturer [[Daimler AG]], and the brand is used for luxury automobiles, buses, [[coach (vehicle)|coaches]], and trucks. Mercedes-Benz is headquartered in [[Stuttgart]], [[Baden-Württemberg]], Germany. The name first appeared in 1926 under [[Daimler-Benz]] but traces its origins to [[Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft|Daimler]]'s 1901 [[Mercedes (car)|Mercedes]] and to [[Karl Benz]]'s 1886 [[Benz Patent Motorwagen]], widely regarded as the first automobile.==History=={{main|Karl Benz|Bertha Benz|Gottlieb Daimler|Emil Jellinek|Wilhelm Maybach|Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft}}[[File:Carl-Benz coloriert.jpg|thumb|200px|right|[[Karl Benz]] made the 1886 [[Benz Patent Motorwagen]], widely regarded as the first automobile, in [[Mannheim]], Germany]]Mercedes-Benz traces its origins to Karl Benz's creation of the first [[petrol engine|petrol]]-powered car, the [[Benz Patent Motorwagen]], patented in January 1886&lt;ref name=MBoverview&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.edmunds.com/mercedesbenz/history.html |title=Mercedes-Benz History |publisher=Edmunds.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; and [[Gottlieb Daimler]] and engineer [[Wilhelm Maybach]]'s conversion of a stagecoach by the addition of a petrol engine later that year. The [[Mercedes (car)|Mercedes]] automobile was first marketed in 1901 by [[Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft]]. The first Mercedes-Benz [[brand name]] vehicles were produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl Benz's and Gottlieb Daimler's companies into the Daimler-Benz company.&lt;ref name=MBoverview/&gt; Throughout the [[1930s]], Mercedes-Benz produced the [[Mercedes-Benz 770|770]] model, a car that was popular during [[Germany|Germany's]] [[Nazi Germany| Nazi]] period. [[Adolf Hitler]] was known to have driven multiple of these cars during his time in power, with [[bulletproof]] windshields. Most of the surviving models have been sold at auctions to private buyers. One of them is currently on display at the [[Canadian War Museum| War Museum]] in [[Ottawa]], [[Ontario]]. Mercedes-Benz has introduced many technological and safety [[#Innovations|innovations]] that later became common in other vehicles.&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated2&quot;/&gt; Mercedes-Benz is one of the best known and established automotive brands in the world, and is also the world's oldest automotive brand still in existence today.For information relating to the famous three-pointed star, see under the title [[Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft]] including the merger into Daimler-Benz.==Subsidiaries and alliances==As part of the Daimler AG company, the Mercedes-Benz Cars division includes Mercedes-Benz, [[smart (automobile)|Smart]] and [[Maybach]] car production.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-535019-1-1224454-1-0-0-0-0-0-36-7145-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html Daimler AG Investor Relations]&lt;/ref&gt;===Mercedes-AMG===[[Mercedes-AMG]] became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1998.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.motortrend.com/womt/112_0009_dreamfac/index.html |title=Behind the Scenes: Mercedez-Benz AMG |publisher=Motortrend.com |date=26 February 2007 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-614299-1-784019-1-0-0-0-0-1-11701-854934-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Mercedes-AMG: unique, top-quality model line-up is popular worldwide |publisher=Media.daimler.com |date=10 April 2000 |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; and became Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-614299-1-785238-1-0-0-0-0-1-11702-854934-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=The history of Mercedes-AMG GmbH |publisher=Media.daimler.com |date=20 December 2000 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;===Mercedes-Benz McLaren===Between 2003 and 2009, Mercedes-Benz produced a limited-production [[sports car]] with [[McLaren Cars]]. The resulting [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren]] was an extension of the collaboration by which Mercedes engines are used by the [[McLaren (racing)|Team McLaren-Mercedes]] [[Formula One]] racing team, which was then part owned by Mercedes. McLaren ceased production of the SLR in 2009 and went on to develop its own car, the [[McLaren MP4-12C]], launched in 2011.==Production=====Factories===Besides its native Germany, Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also manufactured or assembled in:{{columns-list|2|* Argentina - manufactures buses, trucks and the Sprinter van. This is the first Mercedes-Benz factory outside of Germany.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz.com.ar/ |title=/// Mercedes-Benz Argentina /// |publisher=Mercedes-benz.com.ar |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Austria ([[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|G-Class]])&lt;ref&gt;{{Cite news| url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3012/is_10_179/ai_57513425 | work=Automotive Industries | title=Going, Going, Graz | first=Norman | last=Martin | year=1999}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Bosnia and Herzegovina* Brazil&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.daimlerchrysler.com.br/empresa/informacoes_corporativas/frminfcorpbrasil.htm | archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20090130015611/http://daimlerchrysler.com.br/empresa/informacoes_corporativas/frminfcorpbrasil.htm | title = Informações Corporativas: DaimlerChrysler no Brasil | trans_title = Corporate Information: DaimlerChrysler in Brazil | language = Portuguese | publisher=DaimlerChrysler | archivedate= 30 January 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; - manufactures trucks, buses and the C-Class. Established in 1956. The A-Class (W168) was produced from 1999 to 2005 as well.* Canada* China* Egypt via [[Egyptian German Automotive Company]]* Finland&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.valmet-automotive.com/automotive/bulletin.nsf/pebd/A05F4305111CB80FC2257A4500325A70 |title=Valmet Automotive to manufacture the new Mercedes Benz A-Class in Finland |publisher=Valmet Automotive press release |accessdate=24 July 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt; via [[Valmet Automotive]]* Hungary&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/mercedes-attacks-bmw-from-hungary-with-new-facility/2012/03/29/gIQAub6LiS_video.html |title=Mercedes Attacks BMW From Hungary With New Facility |publisher=Washington Post |accessdate=29 March 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;* India (Pune)&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-12-08/daimler-plans-78-million-mercedes-benz-india-plant-expansion-to-add-sales.html |title=Daimler plans 79 million mercedes-benz plant expansion |publisher=Bloomburg |accessdate=27 June 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;* India, Chennai (Daimler India Commercial Vehicle ) - Trucks &amp; Engine Manufacturing unit* India, Bangalore (R&amp;D)* Indonesia&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz.co.id/ |title=Mercedes-Benz Indonesia – Passenger Cars homepage |publisher=Mercedes-benz.co.id |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Iran (not since 2010&lt;ref&gt;{{Cite news| url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8619762.stm |publisher=BBC News | title=Daimler to sever links with Iran | date=14 April 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;)* Malaysia&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.daimlerchrysler.com.my/dc_malaysia/0-381-186889-1-186898-1-0-0-0-0-0-3946-186889-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html DaimlerChrysler Malaysia]&lt;/ref&gt;* Mexico - (Mercedes-Benz Mexico fully manufactures some Mercedes and Daimler vehicles completely from locally built parts (C-Class, E-Class, M-Class, International trucks, [[Axor]], [[Atego]], and Mercedes Buses), manufactures other models in complete knock down kits (CL-Class, CLK-Class, SL-Class, SLK-Class) and manufactures a select number of models in semi knockdown kits which use both imported components and locally sourced Mexican components (S-Class, CLS-Class, R-Class, GL-Class, Sprinter).* Nigeria&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.anammco.com |title=Anambra Motor Manufacturing Company Ltd |publisher=Anammco.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; - assembly of buses, trucks, utility motors and the Sprinter van* Philippines* Spain - factory at [[Vitoria-Gasteiz]], Mercedes-Benz Vito, Viano and V-Class have been built there.* South Africa&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.southafrica.info/doing_business/economy/key_sectors/automotive-overview.htm |title=South Africa's automotive industry |publisher=SouthAfrica.info |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* South Korea - Mercedes-Benz [[Ssangyong Musso|Musso]] and [[Mercedes-Benz MB100|MB100]] models manufactured by [[SsangYong Motor Company]].* Thailand - assembly of C, E and S class vehicles by the Thonburi Group&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.thonburi.com/thonburigroup_en.php|title=Thonburi Group:Serving the Thai market for more than six decades|accessdate=15 October 2009 }}&lt;/ref&gt;* Turkey (Mercedes-Benz Türk A.Ş.)&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.mercedes-benz.com.tr Mercedes-Benz Türk A.Ş]&lt;/ref&gt;* United Kingdom - the [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren|SLR]] sports car was built at the [[McLaren Technology Centre]] in [[Woking]]. [[Brackley]], Northamptonshire, is home to the [[Mercedes Grand Prix]] factory, and [[Brixworth]], Northamptonshire is the location of [[Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines]]* United States - the Mercedes-Benz M-Class Sport Utility, the R-Class Sport Tourer, and the full-sized GL-Class Luxury Sport Utility Vehicle are all built at the Mercedes-Benz production facility near [[Tuscaloosa, Alabama|Tuscaloosa]], Alabama.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://mbusi.com/pages/products_home.asp |title=MBUSI Products/Models |publisher=Mbusi.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; Trucks (6,000 per year in the late seventies) were once assembled in [[Hampton, VA]].&lt;ref name=Baldwin&gt;{{citation | last = Baldwin | first = Nick | title = The Observer's Book of Commercial Vehicles (#40) | publisher = Frederick Warne | year = 1981 | page = 119 | location = London | isbn = 0-7232-1619-3}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Vietnam - assembly of passenger cars and commercial vehicles. Established in 1995.&lt;ref name=vietnam_production&gt;{{cite web| url = http://www.mercedes-benz.com.vn/content/vietnam/mpc/mpc_vietnam_website/enng/home_mpc/passengercars/home/passengercars_world/About_the_company_Mercedes-Benz.0001.html| title = Mercedes-Benz Vietnam Company Overview| year = 2010| work=mercedes-benz.com.vn| publisher=Daimler AG| archiveurl = http://www.webcitation.org/5uSS8Wr3Q| archivedate = 23 November 2010| quote = Established in 1995...Mercedes-Benz Vietnam....supplies both passenger cars and commercial vehicles to the market.}}&lt;/ref&gt;}}===Quality rankings===Since its inception, Mercedes-Benz had maintained a reputation for its quality and durability. Objective measures looking at [[passenger vehicles]], such as [[J. D. Power]] surveys, demonstrated a downturn in reputation in these criteria in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for initial quality, a measure of problems after the first 90&amp;nbsp;days of ownership, according to J.D. Power.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.businessweek.com/autos/autobeat/archives/2006/11/measuring_merce.html |title=Business Week, November 2006 |work=BusinessWeek |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; In J.D. Power's Initial Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes showed dramatic improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place and earning several awards for its models.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/corporate/news/releases/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2007088 |title=J.D. Power and Associates Reports: Ford Motor Company Captures Most Awards in 2007 Initial Quality Study |publisher=Jdpower.com |date=6 June 2007 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; For 2008, Mercedes-Benz's initial quality rating improved by yet another mark, to fourth place.&lt;ref name=2008jdpower&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/corporate/news/releases/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2008063 |title=2008 Initial Quality Study &amp;#124; J.D. Power and Associates |publisher=Jdpower.com |date=4 June 2008 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; On top of this accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for its Mercedes’ Sindelfingen, Germany assembly plant.&lt;ref name=2008jdpower/&gt; J.D. Power's 2011 US Initial Quality and Vehicle Dependability Studies both ranked Mercedes-Benz vehicles above average in build quality and reliability.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/news/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2011089 |title=2011 U.S. Initial Quality Study (IQS) | JDPower.com |publisher=JDpower.com |month=June |year=2011 |accessdate=25 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/news/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2011029 |title=2011 U.S. Vehicle Dependability Study | JDPower.com |publisher=JDpower.com |month=March |year=2011 |accessdate=25 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; In the 2011 UK JD Power Survey, Mercedes cars rated above average.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.whatcar.com/car-news/jd-power-survey-2011/the-results/257096/ JD Power Survey 2011 - The results], JD Power Survey 2011, 27 May 2011&lt;/ref&gt;==Models==[[File:2011 Mercedes-Benz C 250 CDI (W204) BlueEFFICIENCY Avantgarde sedan (2011-10-11).jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz C-Class]][[File:2010 Mercedes-Benz E350 -- NHTSA.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz E-Class]][[File:Mercedes-Benz S 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 4MATIC (W 221, Facelift) – Frontansicht (1), 6. Mai 2011, Velbert.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz S-Class]][[File:Mercedes-Benz ML 350 BlueTEC (W 166) – Frontansicht, 17. März 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz M-Class]][[File:Mercedes-Benz GL 350 BlueTEC 4MATIC Sport-Paket AMG (X 166) – Frontansicht, 31. Dezember 2012, Düsseldorf.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz GL-Class]]===Current model range===Mercedes-Benz carries a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial equipment. Vehicles are manufactured in multiple countries worldwide. The [[Smart (automobile)|Smart]] [[marque]] of [[city car]]s and Maybach luxury cars are also produced by Daimler AG.Models* [[Mercedes-Benz A-Class|A-Class]]—[[Hatchback]]* [[Mercedes-Benz B-Class|B-Class]]—[[Multi Purpose Vehicle]] (MPV)* [[Mercedes-Benz C-Class|C-Class]]—[[Saloon (automobile)|Saloon]], [[Estate car|Estate]] &amp; [[Coupé]]* [[Mercedes-Benz CL-Class|CL-Class]]—[[Luxury vehicle|Luxury]] Coupé* [[Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class|CLA-Class]]—4 Door Coupé* [[Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class|CLS-Class]]—4 Door Coupé* [[Mercedes-Benz E-Class|E-Class]]—Saloon, Estate, Coupé and [[Cabriolet]]* [[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|G-Class]]—[[Sports Utility Vehicle]] (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz GL-Class|GL-Class]]—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class|GLA-Class]]—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class|GLK-Class]]—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz M-Class|M-Class]]—Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz R-Class|R-Class]]—Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)* [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class|S-Class]]—Luxury Sedan* [[Mercedes-Benz SL-Class|SL-Class]]—Roadster* [[Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class|SLK-Class]]—Roadster* [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG|SLS AMG]]—Coupé and Roadster* [[Mercedes-Benz Viano|Viano]]—Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)====Trucks===={{See also|List of Mercedes-Benz cars#Mercedes-Benz trucks|l1=List of Mercedes-Benz trucks}}[[File:TeleskopmastfahrzeugDortmund.JPG|thumb|right|A Mercedes-Benz fire truck in [[Dortmund]], Germany]]Mercedes-Benz Trucks is now part of the Daimler Trucks division, and includes companies that were part of the DaimlerChrysler merger. Gottlieb Daimler sold the world's first truck in 1886.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-1224348-1-1247282-1-0-0-0-0-0-108-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html Daimler AG press release]&lt;/ref&gt;====Buses===={{Main|Mercedes-Benz buses}}Mercedes-Benz produces a wide range of buses and coaches, mainly for Europe and Asia. The first model was produced by Karl Benz in 1895.====Vans====[[File:Ernst Auwärter Economy 100 4055.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz Vario]]Mercedes-Benz produces a range of vans including the [[Mercedes-Benz Vito]], [[Mercedes-Benz Sprinter|Sprinter van]] and [[Mercedes-Benz Vario|Vario]]. In 2012 it announced the [[Mercedes-Benz Citan|Citan]], a version of the Renault Kangoo.The first factory to be built outside Germany after WWII was in Argentina. It originally built trucks, many of which were modified independently to buses, popularly named [[Colectivo]]. Today, it builds buses, trucks and the Sprinter van.===Significant models produced===&lt;div style=&quot;-moz-column-count:2; column-count:2;&quot;&gt;* 1928: [[Mercedes-Benz SSK|SSK racing car]]* 1930: [[Mercedes-Benz 770|770 &quot;Großer Mercedes&quot; state and ceremonial car]]* 1934: [[Mercedes-Benz 500 K|500 K]]* 1936: [[Mercedes-Benz 260 D|260 D World's first diesel production car]]* 1936: [[Mercedes-Benz W136|170]]* 1938: [[Mercedes-Benz W195|W195 Speed Record-breaker]]* 1951: [[Mercedes-Benz 300]], knownly as &quot;Adenauer Mercedes&quot;* 1953: [[Mercedes-Benz Ponton|&quot;Ponton&quot; models]]* 1954: [[Mercedes-Benz 300SL|300SL &quot;Gullwing&quot;]]* 1959: [[Mercedes-Benz Fintail|&quot;Fintail&quot; models]]* 1960: [[Mercedes-Benz 220SE|220SE Cabriolet]]{{Disambiguation needed|date=June 2011}}* 1963: [[Mercedes-Benz 600|600 &quot;Grand Mercedes&quot;]]* 1963: [[Mercedes-Benz W113|230SL &quot;Pagoda&quot;]]* 1965: [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class]]* 1966: [[Mercedes-Benz 300SEL 6.3|300SEL 6.3]]* 1968: [[Mercedes-Benz W114|W114 &quot;new generation&quot; compact cars]]* 1969: [[Mercedes-Benz C111|C111 experimental vehicle]]* 1972: [[Mercedes-Benz W107 350SL]]* 1974: [[Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9|450SEL 6.9]]* 1975: [[Mercedes-Benz W123|Mercedes-Benz W123 Wagon - Mercedes' first station wagon]]* 1978: [[Mercedes-Benz W116|300SD]] - Mercedes' first turbo diesel* 1979: [[Mercedes-Benz W126|500SEL]] and [[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|G-Class]]* 1983: [[Mercedes-Benz 190E 2.3-16|190E 2.3–16]]* 1990: [[Mercedes-Benz W124|500E]]* 1991: [[Mercedes-Benz W140|600SEL]]* 1995: [[C43 AMG|First 'Joint Mercedes-Benz &amp; AMG' (C43 AMG)]]* 1995: [[Mercedes-Benz SL-Class#AMG|Mercedes-Benz SL73 AMG]], 7.3 [[V12 engine|V12]] (biggest engine ever put in a Mercedes-Benz)* 1996: [[Mercedes-Benz SLK]]* 1997: [[Mercedes-Benz A-Class]] and [[Mercedes-Benz M-Class|M-Class]]* 2004: [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren]] and [[Mercedes-Benz CLS|CLS-Class]]* 2007: [[BlueTec|E320, GL320 Bluetec, ML320 Bluetec, R320 Bluetec]]* 2010: [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG]]&lt;/div&gt;===Car nomenclature===Until 1994, Mercedes-Benz used an alphanumeric system for categorising their vehicles, consisting of a number sequence approximately equal to the engine's displacement in liters multiplied by 100, followed by an arrangement of alphabetical suffixes indicating body style and engine type.* &quot;C&quot; indicates a coupe or cabriolet body style.* &quot;D&quot; indicates the vehicle is equipped with a diesel engine.* &quot;E&quot; (for &quot;Einspritzen&quot;) indicates the vehicle's engine is equipped with petrol [[fuel injection]]. In most cases (the [[Mercedes-Benz 600|600]] limousine being the exception), if neither &quot;E&quot; or &quot;D&quot; is present, the vehicle has a petrol engine with a carburettor.* &quot;G&quot; indicates the [[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|Geländewagen]] off-road vehicle.* &quot;K&quot; was used in the 1930s, indicating a supercharger (&quot;Kompressor&quot;) equipped engine. One exception is the SSK, where K indicates &quot;Kurz&quot; (short-wheelbase).* &quot;L&quot; indicates &quot;Leicht&quot; (lightweight) for sporting models, and &quot;Lang&quot; (long-wheelbase) for sedan models.* &quot;R&quot; indicates &quot;Rennen&quot; (racing), used for racing cars (for example, the [[Mercedes-Benz 300SLR|300SLR]]).* &quot;S&quot; Sonderklasse &quot;Special class&quot; for flagship models.* &quot;T&quot; indicates &quot;Touring&quot; and an estate (or station wagon) body style.Some models in the 1950s also had lower-case letters (b, c, and d) to indicate specific trim levels.For some models, the numeric part of the designation does not match the engine displacement. This was done to show the model's position in the model lineup independent of displacement or in the price matrix. For these vehicles, the actual displacement in liters is suffixed to the model designation. For example, the [[Mercedes-Benz W201|190-class]] all had &quot;190&quot; for the numeric designation, regardless of the engine size, to indicate their entry-level status. Also, some older models (such as the SS and SSK) did not have a number as part of the designation at all.For the 1994 model year, Mercedes-Benz revised the naming system. Models were divided into &quot;classes&quot; denoted by an arrangement of up to three letters (see &quot;Current model range&quot; above), followed by a three-digit (or two-digit for AMG models, with the number approximately equal to the displacement in liters multiplied by 10) number related to the engine size, as before. Variants of the same model (such as an estate version, or a vehicle with a diesel engine) are no longer given a separate letter. In most cases, the class designation is arbitrary. The SLR and SLS supercars do not carry a numerical designation.As before, some models' numerical designations do not match the engine's actual displacement; in these cases the number shows the model's relative performance within the class. For example, the E250 CGI has greater performance than the E200 CGI because of different engine tuning, even though both have 1.8-litre engines. Recent AMG models use the &quot;63&quot; designation (in honor of the 1960s 6.3-litre [[Mercedes-Benz M100 engine|M100]] engine) despite being equipped with either a 6.2-litre ([[Mercedes-Benz M156 engine|M156]]) or 5.5-litre ([[Mercedes-Benz M278 engine|M157]]) engine.Some models carry further designations indicating special features:* &quot;4MATIC&quot; indicates the vehicle is equipped with [[Four-wheel drive|all-wheel-drive]].* &quot;[[BlueTec|BlueTEC]]&quot; indicates a diesel engine with [[selective catalytic reduction]] exhaust aftertreatment.* &quot;BlueEFFICIENCY&quot; indicates special fuel economy features (direct injection, [[start-stop system]], aerodynamic modifications, etc.)* &quot;CGI&quot; (Charged Gasoline Injection) indicates [[Direct fuel injection|direct gasoline injection]].* &quot;CDI&quot; (Common-rail Direct Injection) indicates a [[Common rail|common-rail]] diesel engine.* &quot;Hybrid&quot; indicates a gasoline- or diesel-electric [[Hybrid vehicle|hybrid]].* &quot;NGT&quot; indicates a natural gas-fueled engine.* &quot;Kompressor&quot; indicates a [[supercharger|supercharged]] engine.* &quot;Turbo&quot; indicates a [[turbocharger|turbocharged]] engine, only used on A-, B-,Е- and GLK-Class models.All model designation badges can be deleted upon the customer's request.===Environmental record===Mercedes-Benz has developed multi [[concept vehicle|concept cars]] with alternative propulsion, such as hybrid-electric, fully electric, and fuel-cell powertrains. At the 2007 [[Frankfurt motor show]], Mercedes-Benz showed seven hybrid models, including the F700 [[concept vehicle|concept car]], powered by a hybrid-electric drivetrain featuring the [[DiesOtto]] engine.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Sep07/06_Mercedes_Details_What_To_Expect_At_The_International_Auto_Show_In_Frankfurt.html |title=Mercedes vehicles at the 2007 Frankfurt show |publisher=Emercedesbenz.com |date=6 September 2007 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www6.lexisnexis.com/publisher/EndUser?Action=UserDisplayFullDocument&amp;orgId=101846&amp;topicId=103840033&amp;docId=l:676599248 |title=A hybrid drives Mercedes concept |publisher=.lexisnexis.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; In 2009, Mercedes-Benz displayed three [[Mercedes-Benz BlueZERO|BlueZERO]] concepts at the [[North American International Auto Show]]. Each car features a different powertrain - battery-electric, fuel-cell electric, and gasoline-electric hybrid.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-7153-1-1160703-1-0-0-0-0-0-9293-7145-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html|title=Mercedes-Benz Concept BlueZERO: Modular Drive Concept for Electric Vehicles &amp;#124; Daimler &gt; Technology &amp; Innovation &gt; News |publisher=Daimler AG|date=15 December 2008|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.netcarshow.com/mercedes-benz/2009-bluezero_concept/|title=Mercedes-Benz BlueZero Concept (2009) with pictures and wallpapers|publisher=NetCarShow.com|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; In the same year, Mercedes also showed the Vision S500 PHEV concept with a {{convert|19|mi}} [[all-electric range]] and [[greenhouse gas|{{CO2}} emission]]s of 74&amp;nbsp;grams/km in the [[New European Driving Cycle]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.calcars.org/calcars-news/1072.html |title=The Ultimate Posting on Plug-In Hybrid Developments: Clip &amp; Save |publisher=Calcars.org |accessdate=17 December 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;Since 2002, Mercedes-Benz has developed the [[Mercedes-Benz F-Cell|F-Cell]] fuel cell vehicle. The current version, based on the B-Class, has a 250 mile range and is available for lease, with volume production scheduled to begin in 2014. Mercedes has also announced the [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG|SLS AMG E-Cell]], a fully electric version of the SLS sports car, with deliveries expected in 2013.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/car/10q2/2013_mercedes-benz_sls_amg_e-cell-prototype_drive |title=Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG E-Cell-Prototype Drive |publisher=Car and Driver |accessdate=25 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; The [[Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHYBRID]]&lt;ref name=&quot;daimler.com&quot;&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-633234-1-1129030-1-0-0-0-0-0-9293-7163-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Mercedes-Benz S 400 BlueHYBRID: {{CO2}} Champion in the Luxury Class with Efficient Hybrid Drive System and Lithium-Ion Technology &amp;#124; Daimler &gt; Brands &amp; Products &gt; News|publisher=Daimler AG|date=17 September 2008|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; was launched in 2009, and is the first production automotive hybrid in the world to use a [[lithium-ion battery]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|last=Abuelsamid |first=Sam |url=http://www.autobloggreen.com/2008/02/29/mercedes-benz-s400-bluehybrid-first-production-lithium-ion-hybr/|title=Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHybrid, first production lithium ion hybrid|publisher=AutoBlogGreen.com|date=29 February 2008|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.autounleashed.com/mercedes-enters-the-hybrid-game-the-s400-bluehybrid|title=Mercedes enters the hybrid game – the S400 BlueHybrid|publisher=AutoUnleashed.com|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.caranddriver.com/autoshows/13994/mercedes-benz-future-hybrid-lineup.html |title=2007 IAA Report – S-Class hybrid |publisher=Caranddriver.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; In mid-2010, production commenced on the [[Mercedes-Benz Vito|Vito E-Cell]] all-electric van. Mercedes expects 100 vehicles to be produced by the end of 2010 and a further 2000 by the end of 2011.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|last=Abuelsamid |first=Sam |url=http://green.autoblog.com/2010/07/30/mercedes-benz-introduces-new-vito-e-cell-van/ |title=Mercedes-Benz introduces new Vito E-Cell van – Autoblog Green |publisher=Green.autoblog.com |date=30 July 2010 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;In 2008, Mercedes-Benz announced that it would have a demonstration fleet of small electric cars in two to three years.&lt;ref&gt;{{Cite news| url=http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/environment/2008-03-23-mercedes-electric-car-battery_N.htm | work=USA Today | title=Mercedes sees electric-car progress | first=James R. | last=Healey | date=23 March 2008 | accessdate=12 May 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; Mercedes-Benz and Smart are preparing for the widespread uptake of electric vehicles (EVs) in the UK by beginning the installation of [[recharging point]]s across their [[Car dealership|dealer]] networks. So far 20 [[Elektrobay]] recharging units, produced in the UK by Brighton-based [[Elektromotive]], have been installed at seven locations as part of a pilot project, and further expansion of the initiative is planned later in 2010.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.elektromotive.com/html/news-story.php?news_id=59 |title=Elektromotive.com |publisher=Elektromotive.com |date=3 June 2010 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;In the United States, Mercedes-Benz was assessed a record US$30.66&amp;nbsp;million for their decision to not meet the federal [[corporate average fuel economy]] standard in 2009.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.autobloggreen.com/2009/01/08/huge-fine-for-mercedes-benz-for-poor-fuel-efficiency/ A huge fine for Mercedes-Benz for poor fuel efficiency] by Jeremy Korzeniewski on 8 January 2009, AutoblogGreen&lt;/ref&gt; Certain Mercedes-Benz cars, including the S550 and all AMG models sold in the United States, also face an additional [[Energy Tax Act|gas guzzler tax]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.epa.gov/fueleconomy/guzzler/420b08016.pdf |title=Vehicles Subject to the Gas Guzzler Tax for Model Year 2009 (EPA420-B-08-016) |format=PDF |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; However, newer AMG models fitted with the [[Mercedes-Benz M278 engine|M157]] engine will not be subject to the gas-guzzler tax, due to improved fuel economy,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.caranddriver.com/news/car/10q1/2011_mercedes-benz_s63_amg-auto_shows |first=Mark |last=Gillies |title=2011 Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG - Auto Shows |publisher=Car and Driver |month=March |year=2010 |accessdate=15 June 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; and newer models powered by the [[Mercedes-Benz M276 engine|M276]] and [[Mercedes-Benz M278 engine|M278]] engines will have better fuel economy. In 2008, Mercedes also had the worst {{CO2}} average of all major European manufacturers, ranking 14th out of 14 manufacturers.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.transportenvironment.org/Publications/prep_hand_out/lid:549 |title=Car company {{CO2}} Report for 2008 |publisher=Transport &amp; Environment |accessdate=21 October 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; Mercedes was also the worst manufacturer in 2007 and 2006 in terms of average {{CO2}} levels, with 181&amp;nbsp;g and 188&amp;nbsp;g of {{CO2}} emitted per km, respectively.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.transportenvironment.org/Publications/prep_hand_out/lid/513 |title=Car company {{CO2}} Report for 2007 |publisher=Transport &amp; Environment |accessdate=24 November 2008}}&lt;/ref&gt;===Bicycles===Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH introduced three new bicycles in 2005,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.worldcarfans.com/news.cfm/newsID/2050310.001/country/gcf/mercedes/mercedes-benz-bike-collection-2006 |title=Mercedes-Benz presents the innovative Automatic Bike |publisher=Worldcarfans.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; and the range has developed to include the patent pending Foldingbike in 2007.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.carpages.co.uk/mercedes_benz/mercedes-benz-folding-bike-08-07-09.asp 8 July 2009]&lt;/ref&gt; Other models include the Mercedes-Benz Carbon Bike,&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Apr06/04TheMercedesAccessoriesBikeCollection2006.html Mercedes Accessories Bike Collection]&lt;/ref&gt; Fitness Bike&lt;ref&gt;[http://www2.mercedes-benz.co.uk/content/media_library/unitedkingdom/mpc_unitedkingdom/passenger_cars_ng/owners_ng/accessories___collection/mercedes-benz_collection/brochure_downloads/pdfs/bike_sports_selection.pdf Mercedes-Benz Bike brochure 2009]&lt;/ref&gt; and the Trailblazer Bike.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz-bike.com/ |title=Mercedes-Benz 2009 Bike Collection: The trailblazer |publisher=Mercedes-Benz Bike |date= |accessdate=15 June 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;==Motorsport=={{Main|Mercedes-Benz in motorsport}}[[File:Mercedessimplex1.jpg|thumb|A DMG [[Mercedes Simplex]] 1906 in the [[Deutsches Museum]]]][[File:300Sc.JPG|thumb|1957 Mercedes-Benz 300Sc Cabriolet]][[File:1959_Mercedes-Benz_W120_Model_180_(March_1962).jpg|thumb|1959 Mercedes-Benz W120 Model 180]]The two companies which were merged to form the ''Mercedes-Benz'' brand in 1926 had both already enjoyed success in the new sport of [[auto racing|motor racing]] throughout their separate histories. A single Benz competed in the world's first motor race, the [[Paris–Rouen (motor race)|1894 Paris–Rouen]], where Émile Roger finished 14th in 10 hours 1 minute. Throughout its long history, the company has been involved in a range of motorsport activities, including [[sports car racing]] and [[rally racing|rallying]]. On several occasions Mercedes-Benz has withdrawn completely from motorsport for a significant period, notably in the late 1930s, and after the [[1955 Le Mans disaster]], where a [[Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR]] collided with another car and killed more than 80 spectators. [[Stirling Moss]] and co-driver [[Denis Jenkinson]] made history by winning the 1955 [[Mille Miglia]] road race in Italy during a record-breaking drive with an average speed was almost 98&amp;nbsp;mph in a [[Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/news/3902283/Mercedes-honours-Stirling-Moss.html |title=Telegraph 23 December 2008 |work=The Daily Telegraph |location=UK |date=23 December 2008 |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;Although there was some activity in the intervening years, it was not until 1987 that Mercedes-Benz returned to front line competition, returning to Le Mans, [[Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft]] (DTM), and [[Formula One]] with [[Sauber]]. The 1990s saw Mercedes-Benz purchase British engine builder [[Ilmor]] (now [[Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines]]), and campaign [[IndyCar Series|IndyCars]] under the [[United States Automobile Club|USAC]]/[[Champ Car|CART]] rules, eventually winning the [[1994 Indianapolis 500]] and [[1994 CART World Series season|1994 CART IndyCar World Series]] Championship with [[Al Unser, Jr.]] at the wheel. The 1990s also saw the return of Mercedes-Benz to GT racing, and the [[Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR]], both of which took the company to new heights by dominating the FIA's GT1 class.Mercedes-Benz is currently active in three forms of motorsport, [[Formula Three]], [[Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters|DTM]] and [[Formula One]].===Formula 1==={{Main|Mercedes-Benz in Formula One}}Mercedes-Benz took part in the world championship in 1954 and 1955, but despite being successful with two championship titles for [[Juan-Manuel Fangio]],&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.formula1.com/teams_and_drivers/hall_of_fame/268/|title=The official Formula 1 website|publisher=Formula1.com|date=24 June 1911|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; the company left the sport after just two seasons. He is considered by many to be the best F1 driver in history.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/201534/Juan-Manuel-Fangio |title=Enciclopedia Britannica |publisher=Britannica.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in the 1990s and part-owned [[Team McLaren]] for some years, to which it has supplied engines engineered by [[Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines|Ilmor]]&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://atlasf1.autosport.com/2001/jan03/tytler.html |title=Ilmor: Bowmen of the Silver Arrows |publisher=Atlasf1.autosport.com |accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; since 1995. This partnership brought success, including drivers championships for [[Mika Häkkinen]] in 1998 and 1999, and for [[Lewis Hamilton]] in 2008, as well as a constructors championship in 1998. The collaboration with McLaren had been extended into the production of roadgoing cars such as the [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren]].In 2007, McLaren-Mercedes was fined a record US$100&amp;nbsp;million for stealing confidential Ferrari technical data.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.fia.com/mediacentre/Press_Releases/FIA_Sport/2007/September/130907-02.html |title=FIA: $100M fine handed to Mercedes |publisher=FIA |accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;In 2009, [[Ross Brawn]]'s newly conceived Formula One team, [[Brawn GP]] used Mercedes engines to help win the constructor's championship, and [[Jenson Button]] to become champion in the F1 drivers' championship. At the end of the season, Mercedes-Benz sold its 40% stake in McLaren to the McLaren Group and bought 70% of the Brawn GP team jointly with an Abu Dhabi based investment consortium. Brawn GP was renamed [[Mercedes-Benz in Formula One|Mercedes GP]] for the 2010 season and is, from this season on, a works team for Mercedes-Benz.==Noted employees &lt;!-- (selection) --&gt;==* [[Paul Bracq]]—major designer of automobiles in the 20th century* [[Béla Barényi]]—car safety pioneer (rigid passenger safety shell), joined Daimler-Benz in 1937&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-657486-1-862061-1-0-0-0-0-0-11702-614318-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Daimler press release 8 June 2009 |publisher=Media.daimler.com |date=8 June 2009 |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Wilhelm Maybach]]—automotive pioneer, first met Gottlieb Daimler in 1865&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz-classic.com/content/classic/mpc/mpc_classic_website/en/mpc_home/mbc/home/knowledge/overview/wilhelm_maybach.html |title=Mercedes-Benz Classic website |publisher=Mercedes-benz-classic.com |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Ferdinand Porsche]]—founder of Porsche, joined Mercedes in 1923 and developed the Kompressor&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.porsche.com/middle-east/_uae_/accessoriesandservice/classic/philosophyandclassicworld/world/tradition/ferdinand/ |title=Porsche website |publisher=Porsche.com |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Bruno Sacco]]—joined Daimler-Benz as a designer in 1958. Head of Design in 1975, retired in 1999&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://automotivehalloffame.org/honors/index.php?cmd=view&amp;id=728&amp;type=inductees |title=Automotive Hall of Fame |publisher=Automotive Hall of Fame |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Rudolf Uhlenhaut]]—joined Daimler-Benz in 1931, his designs included the [[Silver Arrows]], the [[Mercedes-Benz 300SL|300 SL]] and [[Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR|300SLR]]&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-614822-1-874810-1-0-0-0-0-0-11702-614318-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Daimler press release 13 June 2007 |publisher=Media.daimler.com |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Adolf Eichmann]]—former Nazi criminal. Worked in Argentina's factory after WWII* [[Rudolf Caracciola]]—one of the greatest GP drivers in history drove MB [[Silver Arrows]] in competition.*[[Josef Ganz]] - Technical consultant and &quot;Godfather&quot; of the *[[Mercedes-Benz W136]], with the revolutionary Independent suspension, [[Swing axle]] layout.==Innovations==Numerous technological innovations have been introduced on Mercedes-Benz automobiles throughout the many years of their production, including:* The [[internal combustion engine]]d automobile was developed independently by Benz and Daimler &amp; Maybach in 1886* Daimler invented the honeycomb radiator of the type still used on all water-cooled vehicles today* Daimler invented the float [[carburetor]] which was used until replaced by [[fuel injection]]* The &quot;drop chassis&quot;—the car originally designated the &quot;Mercedes&quot; by Daimler was also the first car with a modern configuration, having the carriage lowered and set between the front and rear wheels, with a [[front-engine design|front engine]] and [[rear-wheel drive|powered rear wheels]]. All earlier cars were &quot;horseless carriages&quot;, which had high centres of gravity and various engine/drive-train configurations* The first passenger road car to have [[brake]]s on all four wheels (1924)&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated1&quot;&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.roadsafe.com/magazine/2007spring/manufacturers.html |title=Magazine |publisher=Roadsafe.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* The &quot;safety cage&quot; or &quot;[[automobile safety|safety cell]]&quot; construction with front and rear [[crumple zones]] was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety standpoint&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated2&quot;&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2005/03/11/010089.html |title=Mercedes-Benz Safety Innovations |publisher=Theautochannel.com |date=13 September 2010 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;{{Verify source|date=September 2009}}* In 1959, Mercedes-Benz patented a device that prevents drive wheels from spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes. In 1987, Mercedes-Benz applied its patent by introducing a [[traction control system]] that worked under both braking and acceleration* [[Airbag]]s were first introduced in the European market, beginning with model year 1981 S-Class.* Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners to [[seat belt]]s on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt instantaneously, removing any 'slack' in the belt, which prevents the occupant from jerking forward in a crash* In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first seven-speed [[automatic transmission]] called '[[7G-Tronic]]'* [[electronic stability control|Electronic Stability Programme]] (ESP), [[brake assist]],&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Jun06/22_Mercedes_Debuts_PRE_SAFE_Brake_System_1.html Mercedes Introduces PRE-SAFE Brake Safety System] Posted on 22 June 2006, The Unofficial Mercedes-Benz Weblog&lt;/ref&gt; and many other types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars—first—by Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations, and has even licensed them for use by competitors—in the name of improving automobile and passenger safety. As a result, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes (ABS) are now standard on all modern vehicles.&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated2&quot;/&gt;{{Verify source|date=September 2009}}[[File:Mercedes-Benz M156 Engine 02.JPG|right|thumb|Mercedes M156 engine]]* The most powerful naturally aspirated eight-cylinder engine in the world is the [[Mercedes-AMG]], [[Mercedes-Benz M156 engine|6,208&amp;nbsp;cc M156]] V8 engine at {{convert|85|PS|kW|abbr=on}} per litre. The [[V8 engine]] is badged '63 AMG', and replaced the '55 AMG' M113 engine in most models. The M156 engine produces up to {{convert|391|kW|PS bhp|abbr=on}}, and although some models using this engine do have this output (such as the S63 and CL63 AMGs), specific output varies slightly across other models in the range&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.webwombat.com.au/motoring/news_reports/mercedes-amg-v8-engine.htm |title=Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre V8 Engine : News &amp; Reports : Motoring |publisher=Web Wombat |date=13 July 2005 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* The [[Mercedes-Benz W211|(W211) E320 CDI]] which has a [[variable geometry turbocharger]] (VTG) 3.0-litre [[V6 engine|V6]] [[common rail]] diesel engine (producing {{convert|224|hp|abbr=on|disp=/}}), set three world [[endurance]] records. It covered {{convert|100000|mi|km}} in a record time, with an average speed of {{convert|224.823|km/h|2|abbr=on}}. Three identical cars did the endurance run (one set above record) and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover {{convert|100000|km|0}} and {{convert|50000|mi|km}} respectively. After all three cars had completed the run, their combined distance was {{convert|300000|mi|km}} (all records were FIA approved).&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=105638 |title=New Mercedes Diesel Engine Breaks World Endurance Record |publisher=Edmunds.com |accessdate=29 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;{{Clarify|whats the innovation on this?|date=June 2011}}* Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system called [[Pre-Safe]] to detect an imminent crash—and prepares the car's safety systems to respond optimally. It also calculates the optimal braking force required to avoid an accident in emergency situations, and makes it immediately available for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are also prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows, and moving the seats into the optimal position.Half a century of vehicle safety innovation helped win Mercedes-Benz the Safety Award at the 2007 ''What Car?'' Awards.&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated1&quot;/&gt;===Robot cars==={{Main|Driverless car}}In the 1980s, Mercedes built the world's first robot car, together with the team of Professor [[Ernst Dickmanns]] at [[Bundeswehr University Munich]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.idsia.ch/~juergen/robotcars.html |first=Jürgen |last=Schmidhuber |title=Prof. Schmidhuber's highlights of robot car history |year=2009 |accessdate=15 July 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; Partially encouraged by Dickmanns' success, in 1987 the European Union's [[EUREKA]] programme initiated the [[EUREKA Prometheus Project|Prometheus Project]] on autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly €800&amp;nbsp;million. A culmination point was achieved in 1995, when Dickmanns' re-engineered autonomous [[S-Class]] Mercedes took a long trip from [[Munich]] in Bavaria to [[Copenhagen]] in Denmark, and back. On highways, the robot achieved speeds exceeding {{convert|175|km/h|abbr=on}} (permissible in some areas of the German [[Autobahn]]). The car's abilities has heavily influenced robot car research and funding decisions worldwide.==Tuners==Several companies have become [[car tuner]]s (or modifiers) of Mercedes Benz, in order to increase performance and/or luxury to a given model.[[Mercedes-AMG|AMG]] is Mercedes-Benz's in-house performance-tuning division, specialising in high-performance versions of most Mercedes-Benz cars. AMG engines are all hand-built,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz.ie/content/ireland/mpc/mpc_ireland_website/enng/home_mpc/passengercars/home/new_cars/AMG_.html |title=Mercedes-Benz Ireland – New cars – AMG |publisher=Mercedes-benz.ie |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; and each completed engine receives a tag with the signature of the engineer who built it. AMG has been wholly owned by Mercedes-Benz since 1999.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.pistonheads.com/doc.asp?c=103&amp;i=5667 |title=History of AMG |publisher=Pistonheads.com |date=18 October 2002 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; The 2009 [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG|SLS AMG]], a revival of the 300SL Gullwing, is the first car to be entirely developed by AMG.There are numerous independent tuners including, [[Brabus]], [[Carlsson (car company)|Carlsson]], [[Kleemann]], [[Renntech]], [[Lorinser]] and [[MKB (car company)|MKB]].==Sponsorships==[[File:Mario Götze, Germany national football team (02).jpg|thumb|200px|right|Mercedes-Benz sponsors [[Mario Götze]]]]In [[association football|football]], Mercedes-Benz sponsors [[Mario Götze]] and [[Benedikt Höwedes]]. Mercedes-Benz sponsors [[Fußball-Bundesliga|Bundesliga]] club [[VfB Stuttgart]] and provides the naming rights for their stadium, the [[Mercedes-Benz Arena]]. The company also holds the naming rights to the [[Mercedes-Benz Superdome]] in [[New Orleans]], [[Lousiana]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/7058178/mercedes-benz-buys-naming-rights-superdome-home-new-orleans-saints |title=Mercedes-Benz buys naming rights for Superdome, home of New Orleans Saints - ESPN |publisher=Espn.go.com |date=4 October 2011 |accessdate=1 September 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;==See also==*[[Mercedes-Benz Classic Center]]{{Portal bar|Companies}}==References=={{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}==External links=={{Commons}}&lt;!-- PLEASE discuss any new external links on the talk page before adding them to the article --&gt;* [http://www.mercedes-benz.com/ Official Mercedes-Benz website]*[http://www.daimler.com/Projects/c2c/channel/documents/1828734_Daimler_Mercedes_Benz_Cars_at_a_Glance_2011_en.pdf Official Mercedes-Benz Cars division guide]* {{dmoz|/Recreation/Autos/Makes_and_Models/Mercedes-Benz/|Mercedes-Benz}};Video clips* [http://www.youtube.com/user/mercedesbenztv Mercedes-Benz YouTube channel]&lt;!-- PLEASE discuss any new external links on the talk page before adding them to the article --&gt;{{DaimlerChrysler}}{{Mercedes-Benz vehicles before ww2}}{{Classic Mercedes-Benz vehicles}}{{Mercedes-Benz vehicles}}{{Benz}}{{DMG}}[[Category:Daimler AG]][[Category:Mercedes-Benz| ]][[Category:Automotive transmission makers]][[Category:Belgian Royal Warrant holders]][[Category:Car manufacturers of Germany]][[Category:Companies based in Stuttgart]][[Category:Companies established in 1886]][[Category:Companies established in 1926]][[Category:Emergency services equipment makers]][[Category:German brands]][[Category:Luxury brands]][[Category:Luxury motor vehicle manufacturers]][[Category:Motor vehicle manufacturers of Germany]][[Category:Multinational companies headquartered in Germany]][[Category:Trolleybus manufacturer]]
  1 +{{About|the manufacturer|the song|Mercedes Benz (song)}}{{pp-move-vandalism|small=yes}}{{Use dmy dates|date=November 2012}}{{Infobox company|company_name = Mercedes-Benz|company_logo = [[File:Mercedes-Benz logo.svg|178px|Mercedes-Benz logo]]|company_type = [[Subsidiary]]|predecessor = [[Benz &amp; Cie.]]&lt;br&gt;[[Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft]]|foundation = 1886|founder = [[Karl Benz]]|location_city = [[Stuttgart]]|location_country = Germany|locations = &lt;!-- number of physical production sites/locations the company has --&gt;|area_served =Worldwide|key_people = [[Dieter Zetsche]], [[Chairman]]|industry = Manufacturing|products = Automobiles&lt;br /&gt;Trucks&lt;br /&gt;[[Bus]]es&lt;br /&gt;[[Internal combustion engine]]s|services = Financial services|revenue =|operating_income =|net_income =|assets =|equity =|num_employees =|parent = [[Daimler AG]]|owner =|divisions = [[Mercedes-Benz AMG]]|subsid =|homepage = {{URL|http://www.mercedes-benz.com}}|footnotes =|intl = yes}}'''Mercedes-Benz''' ({{IPA-de|m������tse��d��s ��b��nts}}) is a multinational division of the German manufacturer [[Daimler AG]], and the brand is used for luxury automobiles, buses, [[coach (vehicle)|coaches]], and trucks. Mercedes-Benz is headquartered in [[Stuttgart]], [[Baden-W��rttemberg]], Germany. The name first appeared in 1926 under [[Daimler-Benz]] but traces its origins to [[Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft|Daimler]]'s 1901 [[Mercedes (car)|Mercedes]] and to [[Karl Benz]]'s 1886 [[Benz Patent Motorwagen]], widely regarded as the first automobile.==History=={{main|Karl Benz|Bertha Benz|Gottlieb Daimler|Emil Jellinek|Wilhelm Maybach|Daimler-Motoren-Gesellschaft}}[[File:Carl-Benz coloriert.jpg|thumb|200px|right|[[Karl Benz]] made the 1886 [[Benz Patent Motorwagen]], widely regarded as the first automobile, in [[Mannheim]], Germany]]Mercedes-Benz traces its origins to Karl Benz's creation of the first [[petrol engine|petrol]]-powered car, the [[Benz Patent Motorwagen]], patented in January 1886&lt;ref name=MBoverview&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.edmunds.com/mercedesbenz/history.html |title=Mercedes-Benz History |publisher=Edmunds.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; and [[Gottlieb Daimler]] and engineer [[Wilhelm Maybach]]'s conversion of a stagecoach by the addition of a petrol engine later that year. The [[Mercedes (car)|Mercedes]] automobile was first marketed in 1901 by [[Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft]]. The first Mercedes-Benz [[brand name]] vehicles were produced in 1926, following the merger of Karl Benz's and Gottlieb Daimler's companies into the Daimler-Benz company.&lt;ref name=MBoverview/&gt; Throughout the [[1930s]], Mercedes-Benz produced the [[Mercedes-Benz 770|770]] model, a car that was popular during [[Germany|Germany's]] [[Nazi Germany| Nazi]] period. [[Adolf Hitler]] was known to have driven multiple of these cars during his time in power, with [[bulletproof]] windshields. Most of the surviving models have been sold at auctions to private buyers. One of them is currently on display at the [[Canadian War Museum| War Museum]] in [[Ottawa]], [[Ontario]]. Mercedes-Benz has introduced many technological and safety [[#Innovations|innovations]] that later became common in other vehicles.&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated2&quot;/&gt; Mercedes-Benz is one of the best known and established automotive brands in the world, and is also the world's oldest automotive brand still in existence today.For information relating to the famous three-pointed star, see under the title [[Daimler Motoren Gesellschaft]] including the merger into Daimler-Benz.==Subsidiaries and alliances==As part of the Daimler AG company, the Mercedes-Benz Cars division includes Mercedes-Benz, [[smart (automobile)|Smart]] and [[Maybach]] car production.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-535019-1-1224454-1-0-0-0-0-0-36-7145-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html Daimler AG Investor Relations]&lt;/ref&gt;===Mercedes-AMG===[[Mercedes-AMG]] became a majority owned division of Mercedes-Benz in 1998.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.motortrend.com/womt/112_0009_dreamfac/index.html |title=Behind the Scenes: Mercedez-Benz AMG |publisher=Motortrend.com |date=26 February 2007 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; The company was integrated into DaimlerChrysler in 1999,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-614299-1-784019-1-0-0-0-0-1-11701-854934-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Mercedes-AMG: unique, top-quality model line-up is popular worldwide |publisher=Media.daimler.com |date=10 April 2000 |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; and became Mercedes-Benz AMG beginning on 1 January 1999.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-614299-1-785238-1-0-0-0-0-1-11702-854934-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=The history of Mercedes-AMG GmbH |publisher=Media.daimler.com |date=20 December 2000 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;===Mercedes-Benz McLaren===Between 2003 and 2009, Mercedes-Benz produced a limited-production [[sports car]] with [[McLaren Cars]]. The resulting [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren]] was an extension of the collaboration by which Mercedes engines are used by the [[McLaren (racing)|Team McLaren-Mercedes]] [[Formula One]] racing team, which was then part owned by Mercedes. McLaren ceased production of the SLR in 2009 and went on to develop its own car, the [[McLaren MP4-12C]], launched in 2011.==Production=====Factories===Besides its native Germany, Mercedes-Benz vehicles are also manufactured or assembled in:{{columns-list|2|* Argentina - manufactures buses, trucks and the Sprinter van. This is the first Mercedes-Benz factory outside of Germany.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz.com.ar/ |title=/// Mercedes-Benz Argentina /// |publisher=Mercedes-benz.com.ar |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Austria ([[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|G-Class]])&lt;ref&gt;{{Cite news| url=http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m3012/is_10_179/ai_57513425 | work=Automotive Industries | title=Going, Going, Graz | first=Norman | last=Martin | year=1999}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Bosnia and Herzegovina* Brazil&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.daimlerchrysler.com.br/empresa/informacoes_corporativas/frminfcorpbrasil.htm | archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20090130015611/http://daimlerchrysler.com.br/empresa/informacoes_corporativas/frminfcorpbrasil.htm | title = Informa����es Corporativas: DaimlerChrysler no Brasil | trans_title = Corporate Information: DaimlerChrysler in Brazil | language = Portuguese | publisher=DaimlerChrysler | archivedate= 30 January 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; - manufactures trucks, buses and the C-Class. Established in 1956. The A-Class (W168) was produced from 1999 to 2005 as well.* Canada* China* Egypt via [[Egyptian German Automotive Company]]* Finland&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.valmet-automotive.com/automotive/bulletin.nsf/pebd/A05F4305111CB80FC2257A4500325A70 |title=Valmet Automotive to manufacture the new Mercedes Benz A-Class in Finland |publisher=Valmet Automotive press release |accessdate=24 July 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt; via [[Valmet Automotive]]* Hungary&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.washingtonpost.com/business/mercedes-attacks-bmw-from-hungary-with-new-facility/2012/03/29/gIQAub6LiS_video.html |title=Mercedes Attacks BMW From Hungary With New Facility |publisher=Washington Post |accessdate=29 March 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;* India (Pune)&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.bloomberg.com/news/2010-12-08/daimler-plans-78-million-mercedes-benz-india-plant-expansion-to-add-sales.html |title=Daimler plans 79 million mercedes-benz plant expansion |publisher=Bloomburg |accessdate=27 June 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;* India, Chennai (Daimler India Commercial Vehicle ) - Trucks &amp; Engine Manufacturing unit* India, Bangalore (R&amp;D)* Indonesia&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz.co.id/ |title=Mercedes-Benz Indonesia ��� Passenger Cars homepage |publisher=Mercedes-benz.co.id |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Iran (not since 2010&lt;ref&gt;{{Cite news| url=http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/8619762.stm |publisher=BBC News | title=Daimler to sever links with Iran | date=14 April 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;)* Malaysia&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.daimlerchrysler.com.my/dc_malaysia/0-381-186889-1-186898-1-0-0-0-0-0-3946-186889-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html DaimlerChrysler Malaysia]&lt;/ref&gt;* Mexico - (Mercedes-Benz Mexico fully manufactures some Mercedes and Daimler vehicles completely from locally built parts (C-Class, E-Class, M-Class, International trucks, [[Axor]], [[Atego]], and Mercedes Buses), manufactures other models in complete knock down kits (CL-Class, CLK-Class, SL-Class, SLK-Class) and manufactures a select number of models in semi knockdown kits which use both imported components and locally sourced Mexican components (S-Class, CLS-Class, R-Class, GL-Class, Sprinter).* Nigeria&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.anammco.com |title=Anambra Motor Manufacturing Company Ltd |publisher=Anammco.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; - assembly of buses, trucks, utility motors and the Sprinter van* Philippines* Spain - factory at [[Vitoria-Gasteiz]], Mercedes-Benz Vito, Viano and V-Class have been built there.* South Africa&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.southafrica.info/doing_business/economy/key_sectors/automotive-overview.htm |title=South Africa's automotive industry |publisher=SouthAfrica.info |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* South Korea - Mercedes-Benz [[Ssangyong Musso|Musso]] and [[Mercedes-Benz MB100|MB100]] models manufactured by [[SsangYong Motor Company]].* Thailand - assembly of C, E and S class vehicles by the Thonburi Group&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.thonburi.com/thonburigroup_en.php|title=Thonburi Group:Serving the Thai market for more than six decades|accessdate=15 October 2009 }}&lt;/ref&gt;* Turkey (Mercedes-Benz T��rk A.��.)&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.mercedes-benz.com.tr Mercedes-Benz T��rk A.��]&lt;/ref&gt;* United Kingdom - the [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren|SLR]] sports car was built at the [[McLaren Technology Centre]] in [[Woking]]. [[Brackley]], Northamptonshire, is home to the [[Mercedes Grand Prix]] factory, and [[Brixworth]], Northamptonshire is the location of [[Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines]]* United States - the Mercedes-Benz M-Class Sport Utility, the R-Class Sport Tourer, and the full-sized GL-Class Luxury Sport Utility Vehicle are all built at the Mercedes-Benz production facility near [[Tuscaloosa, Alabama|Tuscaloosa]], Alabama.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://mbusi.com/pages/products_home.asp |title=MBUSI Products/Models |publisher=Mbusi.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; Trucks (6,000 per year in the late seventies) were once assembled in [[Hampton, VA]].&lt;ref name=Baldwin&gt;{{citation | last = Baldwin | first = Nick | title = The Observer's Book of Commercial Vehicles (#40) | publisher = Frederick Warne | year = 1981 | page = 119 | location = London | isbn = 0-7232-1619-3}}&lt;/ref&gt;* Vietnam - assembly of passenger cars and commercial vehicles. Established in 1995.&lt;ref name=vietnam_production&gt;{{cite web| url = http://www.mercedes-benz.com.vn/content/vietnam/mpc/mpc_vietnam_website/enng/home_mpc/passengercars/home/passengercars_world/About_the_company_Mercedes-Benz.0001.html| title = Mercedes-Benz Vietnam Company Overview| year = 2010| work=mercedes-benz.com.vn| publisher=Daimler AG| archiveurl = http://www.webcitation.org/5uSS8Wr3Q| archivedate = 23 November 2010| quote = Established in 1995...Mercedes-Benz Vietnam....supplies both passenger cars and commercial vehicles to the market.}}&lt;/ref&gt;}}===Quality rankings===Since its inception, Mercedes-Benz had maintained a reputation for its quality and durability. Objective measures looking at [[passenger vehicles]], such as [[J. D. Power]] surveys, demonstrated a downturn in reputation in these criteria in the late 1990s and early 2000s. By mid-2005, Mercedes temporarily returned to the industry average for initial quality, a measure of problems after the first 90&amp;nbsp;days of ownership, according to J.D. Power.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.businessweek.com/autos/autobeat/archives/2006/11/measuring_merce.html |title=Business Week, November 2006 |work=BusinessWeek |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; In J.D. Power's Initial Quality Study for the first quarter of 2007, Mercedes showed dramatic improvement by climbing from 25th to 5th place and earning several awards for its models.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/corporate/news/releases/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2007088 |title=J.D. Power and Associates Reports: Ford Motor Company Captures Most Awards in 2007 Initial Quality Study |publisher=Jdpower.com |date=6 June 2007 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; For 2008, Mercedes-Benz's initial quality rating improved by yet another mark, to fourth place.&lt;ref name=2008jdpower&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/corporate/news/releases/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2008063 |title=2008 Initial Quality Study &amp;#124; J.D. Power and Associates |publisher=Jdpower.com |date=4 June 2008 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; On top of this accolade, it also received the Platinum Plant Quality Award for its Mercedes��� Sindelfingen, Germany assembly plant.&lt;ref name=2008jdpower/&gt; J.D. Power's 2011 US Initial Quality and Vehicle Dependability Studies both ranked Mercedes-Benz vehicles above average in build quality and reliability.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/news/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2011089 |title=2011 U.S. Initial Quality Study (IQS) | JDPower.com |publisher=JDpower.com |month=June |year=2011 |accessdate=25 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.jdpower.com/news/pressrelease.aspx?ID=2011029 |title=2011 U.S. Vehicle Dependability Study | JDPower.com |publisher=JDpower.com |month=March |year=2011 |accessdate=25 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; In the 2011 UK JD Power Survey, Mercedes cars rated above average.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.whatcar.com/car-news/jd-power-survey-2011/the-results/257096/ JD Power Survey 2011 - The results], JD Power Survey 2011, 27 May 2011&lt;/ref&gt;==Models==[[File:2011 Mercedes-Benz C 250 CDI (W204) BlueEFFICIENCY Avantgarde sedan (2011-10-11).jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz C-Class]][[File:2010 Mercedes-Benz E350 -- NHTSA.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz E-Class]][[File:Mercedes-Benz S 350 CDI BlueEFFICIENCY 4MATIC (W 221, Facelift) ��� Frontansicht (1), 6. Mai 2011, Velbert.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz S-Class]][[File:Mercedes-Benz ML 350 BlueTEC (W 166) ��� Frontansicht, 17. M��rz 2012, D��sseldorf.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz M-Class]][[File:Mercedes-Benz GL 350 BlueTEC 4MATIC Sport-Paket AMG (X 166) ��� Frontansicht, 31. Dezember 2012, D��sseldorf.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz GL-Class]]===Current model range===Mercedes-Benz carries a full range of passenger, light commercial and heavy commercial equipment. Vehicles are manufactured in multiple countries worldwide. The [[Smart (automobile)|Smart]] [[marque]] of [[city car]]s and Maybach luxury cars are also produced by Daimler AG.Models* [[Mercedes-Benz A-Class|A-Class]]���[[Hatchback]]* [[Mercedes-Benz B-Class|B-Class]]���[[Multi Purpose Vehicle]] (MPV)* [[Mercedes-Benz C-Class|C-Class]]���[[Saloon (automobile)|Saloon]], [[Estate car|Estate]] &amp; [[Coup��]]* [[Mercedes-Benz CL-Class|CL-Class]]���[[Luxury vehicle|Luxury]] Coup��* [[Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class|CLA-Class]]���4 Door Coup��* [[Mercedes-Benz CLS-Class|CLS-Class]]���4 Door Coup��* [[Mercedes-Benz E-Class|E-Class]]���Saloon, Estate, Coup�� and [[Cabriolet]]* [[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|G-Class]]���[[Sports Utility Vehicle]] (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz GL-Class|GL-Class]]���Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz GLA-Class|GLA-Class]]���Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz GLK-Class|GLK-Class]]���Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz M-Class|M-Class]]���Sports Utility Vehicle (SUV)* [[Mercedes-Benz R-Class|R-Class]]���Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)* [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class|S-Class]]���Luxury Sedan* [[Mercedes-Benz SL-Class|SL-Class]]���Roadster* [[Mercedes-Benz SLK-Class|SLK-Class]]���Roadster* [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG|SLS AMG]]���Coup�� and Roadster* [[Mercedes-Benz Viano|Viano]]���Multi Purpose Vehicle (MPV)====Trucks===={{See also|List of Mercedes-Benz cars#Mercedes-Benz trucks|l1=List of Mercedes-Benz trucks}}[[File:TeleskopmastfahrzeugDortmund.JPG|thumb|right|A Mercedes-Benz fire truck in [[Dortmund]], Germany]]Mercedes-Benz Trucks is now part of the Daimler Trucks division, and includes companies that were part of the DaimlerChrysler merger. Gottlieb Daimler sold the world's first truck in 1886.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-1224348-1-1247282-1-0-0-0-0-0-108-0-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html Daimler AG press release]&lt;/ref&gt;====Buses===={{Main|Mercedes-Benz buses}}Mercedes-Benz produces a wide range of buses and coaches, mainly for Europe and Asia. The first model was produced by Karl Benz in 1895.====Vans====[[File:Ernst Auw��rter Economy 100 4055.jpg|thumb|right|Mercedes-Benz Vario]]Mercedes-Benz produces a range of vans including the [[Mercedes-Benz Vito]], [[Mercedes-Benz Sprinter|Sprinter van]] and [[Mercedes-Benz Vario|Vario]]. In 2012 it announced the [[Mercedes-Benz Citan|Citan]], a version of the Renault Kangoo.The first factory to be built outside Germany after WWII was in Argentina. It originally built trucks, many of which were modified independently to buses, popularly named [[Colectivo]]. Today, it builds buses, trucks and the Sprinter van.===Significant models produced===&lt;div style=&quot;-moz-column-count:2; column-count:2;&quot;&gt;* 1928: [[Mercedes-Benz SSK|SSK racing car]]* 1930: [[Mercedes-Benz 770|770 &quot;Gro��er Mercedes&quot; state and ceremonial car]]* 1934: [[Mercedes-Benz 500 K|500 K]]* 1936: [[Mercedes-Benz 260 D|260 D World's first diesel production car]]* 1936: [[Mercedes-Benz W136|170]]* 1938: [[Mercedes-Benz W195|W195 Speed Record-breaker]]* 1951: [[Mercedes-Benz 300]], knownly as &quot;Adenauer Mercedes&quot;* 1953: [[Mercedes-Benz Ponton|&quot;Ponton&quot; models]]* 1954: [[Mercedes-Benz 300SL|300SL &quot;Gullwing&quot;]]* 1959: [[Mercedes-Benz Fintail|&quot;Fintail&quot; models]]* 1960: [[Mercedes-Benz 220SE|220SE Cabriolet]]{{Disambiguation needed|date=June 2011}}* 1963: [[Mercedes-Benz 600|600 &quot;Grand Mercedes&quot;]]* 1963: [[Mercedes-Benz W113|230SL &quot;Pagoda&quot;]]* 1965: [[Mercedes-Benz S-Class]]* 1966: [[Mercedes-Benz 300SEL 6.3|300SEL 6.3]]* 1968: [[Mercedes-Benz W114|W114 &quot;new generation&quot; compact cars]]* 1969: [[Mercedes-Benz C111|C111 experimental vehicle]]* 1972: [[Mercedes-Benz W107 350SL]]* 1974: [[Mercedes-Benz 450SEL 6.9|450SEL 6.9]]* 1975: [[Mercedes-Benz W123|Mercedes-Benz W123 Wagon - Mercedes' first station wagon]]* 1978: [[Mercedes-Benz W116|300SD]] - Mercedes' first turbo diesel* 1979: [[Mercedes-Benz W126|500SEL]] and [[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|G-Class]]* 1983: [[Mercedes-Benz 190E 2.3-16|190E 2.3���16]]* 1990: [[Mercedes-Benz W124|500E]]* 1991: [[Mercedes-Benz W140|600SEL]]* 1995: [[C43 AMG|First 'Joint Mercedes-Benz &amp; AMG' (C43 AMG)]]* 1995: [[Mercedes-Benz SL-Class#AMG|Mercedes-Benz SL73 AMG]], 7.3 [[V12 engine|V12]] (biggest engine ever put in a Mercedes-Benz)* 1996: [[Mercedes-Benz SLK]]* 1997: [[Mercedes-Benz A-Class]] and [[Mercedes-Benz M-Class|M-Class]]* 2004: [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren]] and [[Mercedes-Benz CLS|CLS-Class]]* 2007: [[BlueTec|E320, GL320 Bluetec, ML320 Bluetec, R320 Bluetec]]* 2010: [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG]]&lt;/div&gt;===Car nomenclature===Until 1994, Mercedes-Benz used an alphanumeric system for categorising their vehicles, consisting of a number sequence approximately equal to the engine's displacement in liters multiplied by 100, followed by an arrangement of alphabetical suffixes indicating body style and engine type.* &quot;C&quot; indicates a coupe or cabriolet body style.* &quot;D&quot; indicates the vehicle is equipped with a diesel engine.* &quot;E&quot; (for &quot;Einspritzen&quot;) indicates the vehicle's engine is equipped with petrol [[fuel injection]]. In most cases (the [[Mercedes-Benz 600|600]] limousine being the exception), if neither &quot;E&quot; or &quot;D&quot; is present, the vehicle has a petrol engine with a carburettor.* &quot;G&quot; indicates the [[Mercedes-Benz G-Class|Gel��ndewagen]] off-road vehicle.* &quot;K&quot; was used in the 1930s, indicating a supercharger (&quot;Kompressor&quot;) equipped engine. One exception is the SSK, where K indicates &quot;Kurz&quot; (short-wheelbase).* &quot;L&quot; indicates &quot;Leicht&quot; (lightweight) for sporting models, and &quot;Lang&quot; (long-wheelbase) for sedan models.* &quot;R&quot; indicates &quot;Rennen&quot; (racing), used for racing cars (for example, the [[Mercedes-Benz 300SLR|300SLR]]).* &quot;S&quot; Sonderklasse &quot;Special class&quot; for flagship models.* &quot;T&quot; indicates &quot;Touring&quot; and an estate (or station wagon) body style.Some models in the 1950s also had lower-case letters (b, c, and d) to indicate specific trim levels.For some models, the numeric part of the designation does not match the engine displacement. This was done to show the model's position in the model lineup independent of displacement or in the price matrix. For these vehicles, the actual displacement in liters is suffixed to the model designation. For example, the [[Mercedes-Benz W201|190-class]] all had &quot;190&quot; for the numeric designation, regardless of the engine size, to indicate their entry-level status. Also, some older models (such as the SS and SSK) did not have a number as part of the designation at all.For the 1994 model year, Mercedes-Benz revised the naming system. Models were divided into &quot;classes&quot; denoted by an arrangement of up to three letters (see &quot;Current model range&quot; above), followed by a three-digit (or two-digit for AMG models, with the number approximately equal to the displacement in liters multiplied by 10) number related to the engine size, as before. Variants of the same model (such as an estate version, or a vehicle with a diesel engine) are no longer given a separate letter. In most cases, the class designation is arbitrary. The SLR and SLS supercars do not carry a numerical designation.As before, some models' numerical designations do not match the engine's actual displacement; in these cases the number shows the model's relative performance within the class. For example, the E250 CGI has greater performance than the E200 CGI because of different engine tuning, even though both have 1.8-litre engines. Recent AMG models use the &quot;63&quot; designation (in honor of the 1960s 6.3-litre [[Mercedes-Benz M100 engine|M100]] engine) despite being equipped with either a 6.2-litre ([[Mercedes-Benz M156 engine|M156]]) or 5.5-litre ([[Mercedes-Benz M278 engine|M157]]) engine.Some models carry further designations indicating special features:* &quot;4MATIC&quot; indicates the vehicle is equipped with [[Four-wheel drive|all-wheel-drive]].* &quot;[[BlueTec|BlueTEC]]&quot; indicates a diesel engine with [[selective catalytic reduction]] exhaust aftertreatment.* &quot;BlueEFFICIENCY&quot; indicates special fuel economy features (direct injection, [[start-stop system]], aerodynamic modifications, etc.)* &quot;CGI&quot; (Charged Gasoline Injection) indicates [[Direct fuel injection|direct gasoline injection]].* &quot;CDI&quot; (Common-rail Direct Injection) indicates a [[Common rail|common-rail]] diesel engine.* &quot;Hybrid&quot; indicates a gasoline- or diesel-electric [[Hybrid vehicle|hybrid]].* &quot;NGT&quot; indicates a natural gas-fueled engine.* &quot;Kompressor&quot; indicates a [[supercharger|supercharged]] engine.* &quot;Turbo&quot; indicates a [[turbocharger|turbocharged]] engine, only used on A-, B-,��- and GLK-Class models.All model designation badges can be deleted upon the customer's request.===Environmental record===Mercedes-Benz has developed multi [[concept vehicle|concept cars]] with alternative propulsion, such as hybrid-electric, fully electric, and fuel-cell powertrains. At the 2007 [[Frankfurt motor show]], Mercedes-Benz showed seven hybrid models, including the F700 [[concept vehicle|concept car]], powered by a hybrid-electric drivetrain featuring the [[DiesOtto]] engine.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Sep07/06_Mercedes_Details_What_To_Expect_At_The_International_Auto_Show_In_Frankfurt.html |title=Mercedes vehicles at the 2007 Frankfurt show |publisher=Emercedesbenz.com |date=6 September 2007 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www6.lexisnexis.com/publisher/EndUser?Action=UserDisplayFullDocument&amp;orgId=101846&amp;topicId=103840033&amp;docId=l:676599248 |title=A hybrid drives Mercedes concept |publisher=.lexisnexis.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; In 2009, Mercedes-Benz displayed three [[Mercedes-Benz BlueZERO|BlueZERO]] concepts at the [[North American International Auto Show]]. Each car features a different powertrain - battery-electric, fuel-cell electric, and gasoline-electric hybrid.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-7153-1-1160703-1-0-0-0-0-0-9293-7145-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html|title=Mercedes-Benz Concept BlueZERO: Modular Drive Concept for Electric Vehicles &amp;#124; Daimler &gt; Technology &amp; Innovation &gt; News |publisher=Daimler AG|date=15 December 2008|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.netcarshow.com/mercedes-benz/2009-bluezero_concept/|title=Mercedes-Benz BlueZero Concept (2009) with pictures and wallpapers|publisher=NetCarShow.com|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; In the same year, Mercedes also showed the Vision S500 PHEV concept with a {{convert|19|mi}} [[all-electric range]] and [[greenhouse gas|{{CO2}} emission]]s of 74&amp;nbsp;grams/km in the [[New European Driving Cycle]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.calcars.org/calcars-news/1072.html |title=The Ultimate Posting on Plug-In Hybrid Developments: Clip &amp; Save |publisher=Calcars.org |accessdate=17 December 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;Since 2002, Mercedes-Benz has developed the [[Mercedes-Benz F-Cell|F-Cell]] fuel cell vehicle. The current version, based on the B-Class, has a 250 mile range and is available for lease, with volume production scheduled to begin in 2014. Mercedes has also announced the [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG|SLS AMG E-Cell]], a fully electric version of the SLS sports car, with deliveries expected in 2013.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.caranddriver.com/reviews/car/10q2/2013_mercedes-benz_sls_amg_e-cell-prototype_drive |title=Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG E-Cell-Prototype Drive |publisher=Car and Driver |accessdate=25 August 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; The [[Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHYBRID]]&lt;ref name=&quot;daimler.com&quot;&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.daimler.com/dccom/0-5-633234-1-1129030-1-0-0-0-0-0-9293-7163-0-0-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Mercedes-Benz S 400 BlueHYBRID: {{CO2}} Champion in the Luxury Class with Efficient Hybrid Drive System and Lithium-Ion Technology &amp;#124; Daimler &gt; Brands &amp; Products &gt; News|publisher=Daimler AG|date=17 September 2008|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; was launched in 2009, and is the first production automotive hybrid in the world to use a [[lithium-ion battery]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|last=Abuelsamid |first=Sam |url=http://www.autobloggreen.com/2008/02/29/mercedes-benz-s400-bluehybrid-first-production-lithium-ion-hybr/|title=Mercedes-Benz S400 BlueHybrid, first production lithium ion hybrid|publisher=AutoBlogGreen.com|date=29 February 2008|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.autounleashed.com/mercedes-enters-the-hybrid-game-the-s400-bluehybrid|title=Mercedes enters the hybrid game ��� the S400 BlueHybrid|publisher=AutoUnleashed.com|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.caranddriver.com/autoshows/13994/mercedes-benz-future-hybrid-lineup.html |title=2007 IAA Report ��� S-Class hybrid |publisher=Caranddriver.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; In mid-2010, production commenced on the [[Mercedes-Benz Vito|Vito E-Cell]] all-electric van. Mercedes expects 100 vehicles to be produced by the end of 2010 and a further 2000 by the end of 2011.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|last=Abuelsamid |first=Sam |url=http://green.autoblog.com/2010/07/30/mercedes-benz-introduces-new-vito-e-cell-van/ |title=Mercedes-Benz introduces new Vito E-Cell van ��� Autoblog Green |publisher=Green.autoblog.com |date=30 July 2010 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;In 2008, Mercedes-Benz announced that it would have a demonstration fleet of small electric cars in two to three years.&lt;ref&gt;{{Cite news| url=http://www.usatoday.com/money/autos/environment/2008-03-23-mercedes-electric-car-battery_N.htm | work=USA Today | title=Mercedes sees electric-car progress | first=James R. | last=Healey | date=23 March 2008 | accessdate=12 May 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; Mercedes-Benz and Smart are preparing for the widespread uptake of electric vehicles (EVs) in the UK by beginning the installation of [[recharging point]]s across their [[Car dealership|dealer]] networks. So far 20 [[Elektrobay]] recharging units, produced in the UK by Brighton-based [[Elektromotive]], have been installed at seven locations as part of a pilot project, and further expansion of the initiative is planned later in 2010.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.elektromotive.com/html/news-story.php?news_id=59 |title=Elektromotive.com |publisher=Elektromotive.com |date=3 June 2010 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;In the United States, Mercedes-Benz was assessed a record US$30.66&amp;nbsp;million for their decision to not meet the federal [[corporate average fuel economy]] standard in 2009.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.autobloggreen.com/2009/01/08/huge-fine-for-mercedes-benz-for-poor-fuel-efficiency/ A huge fine for Mercedes-Benz for poor fuel efficiency] by Jeremy Korzeniewski on 8 January 2009, AutoblogGreen&lt;/ref&gt; Certain Mercedes-Benz cars, including the S550 and all AMG models sold in the United States, also face an additional [[Energy Tax Act|gas guzzler tax]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.epa.gov/fueleconomy/guzzler/420b08016.pdf |title=Vehicles Subject to the Gas Guzzler Tax for Model Year 2009 (EPA420-B-08-016) |format=PDF |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; However, newer AMG models fitted with the [[Mercedes-Benz M278 engine|M157]] engine will not be subject to the gas-guzzler tax, due to improved fuel economy,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.caranddriver.com/news/car/10q1/2011_mercedes-benz_s63_amg-auto_shows |first=Mark |last=Gillies |title=2011 Mercedes-Benz S63 AMG - Auto Shows |publisher=Car and Driver |month=March |year=2010 |accessdate=15 June 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; and newer models powered by the [[Mercedes-Benz M276 engine|M276]] and [[Mercedes-Benz M278 engine|M278]] engines will have better fuel economy. In 2008, Mercedes also had the worst {{CO2}} average of all major European manufacturers, ranking 14th out of 14 manufacturers.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.transportenvironment.org/Publications/prep_hand_out/lid:549 |title=Car company {{CO2}} Report for 2008 |publisher=Transport &amp; Environment |accessdate=21 October 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; Mercedes was also the worst manufacturer in 2007 and 2006 in terms of average {{CO2}} levels, with 181&amp;nbsp;g and 188&amp;nbsp;g of {{CO2}} emitted per km, respectively.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.transportenvironment.org/Publications/prep_hand_out/lid/513 |title=Car company {{CO2}} Report for 2007 |publisher=Transport &amp; Environment |accessdate=24 November 2008}}&lt;/ref&gt;===Bicycles===Mercedes-Benz Accessories GmbH introduced three new bicycles in 2005,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.worldcarfans.com/news.cfm/newsID/2050310.001/country/gcf/mercedes/mercedes-benz-bike-collection-2006 |title=Mercedes-Benz presents the innovative Automatic Bike |publisher=Worldcarfans.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; and the range has developed to include the patent pending Foldingbike in 2007.&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.carpages.co.uk/mercedes_benz/mercedes-benz-folding-bike-08-07-09.asp 8 July 2009]&lt;/ref&gt; Other models include the Mercedes-Benz Carbon Bike,&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Apr06/04TheMercedesAccessoriesBikeCollection2006.html Mercedes Accessories Bike Collection]&lt;/ref&gt; Fitness Bike&lt;ref&gt;[http://www2.mercedes-benz.co.uk/content/media_library/unitedkingdom/mpc_unitedkingdom/passenger_cars_ng/owners_ng/accessories___collection/mercedes-benz_collection/brochure_downloads/pdfs/bike_sports_selection.pdf Mercedes-Benz Bike brochure 2009]&lt;/ref&gt; and the Trailblazer Bike.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz-bike.com/ |title=Mercedes-Benz 2009 Bike Collection: The trailblazer |publisher=Mercedes-Benz Bike |date= |accessdate=15 June 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;==Motorsport=={{Main|Mercedes-Benz in motorsport}}[[File:Mercedessimplex1.jpg|thumb|A DMG [[Mercedes Simplex]] 1906 in the [[Deutsches Museum]]]][[File:300Sc.JPG|thumb|1957 Mercedes-Benz 300Sc Cabriolet]][[File:1959_Mercedes-Benz_W120_Model_180_(March_1962).jpg|thumb|1959 Mercedes-Benz W120 Model 180]]The two companies which were merged to form the ''Mercedes-Benz'' brand in 1926 had both already enjoyed success in the new sport of [[auto racing|motor racing]] throughout their separate histories. A single Benz competed in the world's first motor race, the [[Paris���Rouen (motor race)|1894 Paris���Rouen]], where ��mile Roger finished 14th in 10 hours 1 minute. Throughout its long history, the company has been involved in a range of motorsport activities, including [[sports car racing]] and [[rally racing|rallying]]. On several occasions Mercedes-Benz has withdrawn completely from motorsport for a significant period, notably in the late 1930s, and after the [[1955 Le Mans disaster]], where a [[Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR]] collided with another car and killed more than 80 spectators. [[Stirling Moss]] and co-driver [[Denis Jenkinson]] made history by winning the 1955 [[Mille Miglia]] road race in Italy during a record-breaking drive with an average speed was almost 98&amp;nbsp;mph in a [[Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.telegraph.co.uk/motoring/news/3902283/Mercedes-honours-Stirling-Moss.html |title=Telegraph 23 December 2008 |work=The Daily Telegraph |location=UK |date=23 December 2008 |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;Although there was some activity in the intervening years, it was not until 1987 that Mercedes-Benz returned to front line competition, returning to Le Mans, [[Deutsche Tourenwagen Meisterschaft]] (DTM), and [[Formula One]] with [[Sauber]]. The 1990s saw Mercedes-Benz purchase British engine builder [[Ilmor]] (now [[Mercedes-Benz High Performance Engines]]), and campaign [[IndyCar Series|IndyCars]] under the [[United States Automobile Club|USAC]]/[[Champ Car|CART]] rules, eventually winning the [[1994 Indianapolis 500]] and [[1994 CART World Series season|1994 CART IndyCar World Series]] Championship with [[Al Unser, Jr.]] at the wheel. The 1990s also saw the return of Mercedes-Benz to GT racing, and the [[Mercedes-Benz CLK GTR]], both of which took the company to new heights by dominating the FIA's GT1 class.Mercedes-Benz is currently active in three forms of motorsport, [[Formula Three]], [[Deutsche Tourenwagen Masters|DTM]] and [[Formula One]].===Formula 1==={{Main|Mercedes-Benz in Formula One}}Mercedes-Benz took part in the world championship in 1954 and 1955, but despite being successful with two championship titles for [[Juan-Manuel Fangio]],&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.formula1.com/teams_and_drivers/hall_of_fame/268/|title=The official Formula 1 website|publisher=Formula1.com|date=24 June 1911|accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; the company left the sport after just two seasons. He is considered by many to be the best F1 driver in history.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/201534/Juan-Manuel-Fangio |title=Enciclopedia Britannica |publisher=Britannica.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;Mercedes-Benz returned as an engine supplier in the 1990s and part-owned [[Team McLaren]] for some years, to which it has supplied engines engineered by [[Mercedes-Benz HighPerformanceEngines|Ilmor]]&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://atlasf1.autosport.com/2001/jan03/tytler.html |title=Ilmor: Bowmen of the Silver Arrows |publisher=Atlasf1.autosport.com |accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt; since 1995. This partnership brought success, including drivers championships for [[Mika H��kkinen]] in 1998 and 1999, and for [[Lewis Hamilton]] in 2008, as well as a constructors championship in 1998. The collaboration with McLaren had been extended into the production of roadgoing cars such as the [[Mercedes-Benz SLR McLaren]].In 2007, McLaren-Mercedes was fined a record US$100&amp;nbsp;million for stealing confidential Ferrari technical data.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.fia.com/mediacentre/Press_Releases/FIA_Sport/2007/September/130907-02.html |title=FIA: $100M fine handed to Mercedes |publisher=FIA |accessdate=26 April 2009}}&lt;/ref&gt;In 2009, [[Ross Brawn]]'s newly conceived Formula One team, [[Brawn GP]] used Mercedes engines to help win the constructor's championship, and [[Jenson Button]] to become champion in the F1 drivers' championship. At the end of the season, Mercedes-Benz sold its 40% stake in McLaren to the McLaren Group and bought 70% of the Brawn GP team jointly with an Abu Dhabi based investment consortium. Brawn GP was renamed [[Mercedes-Benz in Formula One|Mercedes GP]] for the 2010 season and is, from this season on, a works team for Mercedes-Benz.==Noted employees &lt;!-- (selection) --&gt;==* [[Paul Bracq]]���major designer of automobiles in the 20th century* [[B��la Bar��nyi]]���car safety pioneer (rigid passenger safety shell), joined Daimler-Benz in 1937&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-657486-1-862061-1-0-0-0-0-0-11702-614318-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Daimler press release 8 June 2009 |publisher=Media.daimler.com |date=8 June 2009 |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Wilhelm Maybach]]���automotive pioneer, first met Gottlieb Daimler in 1865&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz-classic.com/content/classic/mpc/mpc_classic_website/en/mpc_home/mbc/home/knowledge/overview/wilhelm_maybach.html |title=Mercedes-Benz Classic website |publisher=Mercedes-benz-classic.com |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Ferdinand Porsche]]���founder of Porsche, joined Mercedes in 1923 and developed the Kompressor&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.porsche.com/middle-east/_uae_/accessoriesandservice/classic/philosophyandclassicworld/world/tradition/ferdinand/ |title=Porsche website |publisher=Porsche.com |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Bruno Sacco]]���joined Daimler-Benz as a designer in 1958. Head of Design in 1975, retired in 1999&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://automotivehalloffame.org/honors/index.php?cmd=view&amp;id=728&amp;type=inductees |title=Automotive Hall of Fame |publisher=Automotive Hall of Fame |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Rudolf Uhlenhaut]]���joined Daimler-Benz in 1931, his designs included the [[Silver Arrows]], the [[Mercedes-Benz 300SL|300 SL]] and [[Mercedes-Benz 300 SLR|300SLR]]&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://media.daimler.com/dcmedia/0-921-614822-1-874810-1-0-0-0-0-0-11702-614318-0-1-0-0-0-0-0.html |title=Daimler press release 13 June 2007 |publisher=Media.daimler.com |accessdate=12 March 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt;* [[Adolf Eichmann]]���former Nazi criminal. Worked in Argentina's factory after WWII* [[Rudolf Caracciola]]���one of the greatest GP drivers in history drove MB [[Silver Arrows]] in competition.*[[Josef Ganz]] - Technical consultant and &quot;Godfather&quot; of the *[[Mercedes-Benz W136]], with the revolutionary Independent suspension, [[Swing axle]] layout.==Innovations==Numerous technological innovations have been introduced on Mercedes-Benz automobiles throughout the many years of their production, including:* The [[internal combustion engine]]d automobile was developed independently by Benz and Daimler &amp; Maybach in 1886* Daimler invented the honeycomb radiator of the type still used on all water-cooled vehicles today* Daimler invented the float [[carburetor]] which was used until replaced by [[fuel injection]]* The &quot;drop chassis&quot;���the car originally designated the &quot;Mercedes&quot; by Daimler was also the first car with a modern configuration, having the carriage lowered and set between the front and rear wheels, with a [[front-engine design|front engine]] and [[rear-wheel drive|powered rear wheels]]. All earlier cars were &quot;horseless carriages&quot;, which had high centres of gravity and various engine/drive-train configurations* The first passenger road car to have [[brake]]s on all four wheels (1924)&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated1&quot;&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.roadsafe.com/magazine/2007spring/manufacturers.html |title=Magazine |publisher=Roadsafe.com |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* The &quot;safety cage&quot; or &quot;[[automobile safety|safety cell]]&quot; construction with front and rear [[crumple zones]] was first developed by Mercedes-Benz in 1951. This is considered by many as the most important innovation in automobile construction from a safety standpoint&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated2&quot;&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.theautochannel.com/news/2005/03/11/010089.html |title=Mercedes-Benz Safety Innovations |publisher=Theautochannel.com |date=13 September 2010 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;{{Verify source|date=September 2009}}* In 1959, Mercedes-Benz patented a device that prevents drive wheels from spinning by intervening at the engine, transmission, or brakes. In 1987, Mercedes-Benz applied its patent by introducing a [[traction control system]] that worked under both braking and acceleration* [[Airbag]]s were first introduced in the European market, beginning with model year 1981 S-Class.* Mercedes-Benz was the first to introduce pre-tensioners to [[seat belt]]s on the 1981 S-Class. In the event of a crash, a pre-tensioner will tighten the belt instantaneously, removing any 'slack' in the belt, which prevents the occupant from jerking forward in a crash* In September 2003, Mercedes-Benz introduced the world's first seven-speed [[automatic transmission]] called '[[7G-Tronic]]'* [[electronic stability control|Electronic Stability Programme]] (ESP), [[brake assist]],&lt;ref&gt;[http://www.emercedesbenz.com/Jun06/22_Mercedes_Debuts_PRE_SAFE_Brake_System_1.html Mercedes Introduces PRE-SAFE Brake Safety System] Posted on 22 June 2006, The Unofficial Mercedes-Benz Weblog&lt;/ref&gt; and many other types of safety equipment were all developed, tested, and implemented into passenger cars���first���by Mercedes-Benz. Mercedes-Benz has not made a large fuss about its innovations, and has even licensed them for use by competitors���in the name of improving automobile and passenger safety. As a result, crumple zones and anti-lock brakes (ABS) are now standard on all modern vehicles.&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated2&quot;/&gt;{{Verify source|date=September 2009}}[[File:Mercedes-Benz M156 Engine 02.JPG|right|thumb|Mercedes M156 engine]]* The most powerful naturally aspirated eight-cylinder engine in the world is the [[Mercedes-AMG]], [[Mercedes-Benz M156 engine|6,208&amp;nbsp;cc M156]] V8 engine at {{convert|85|PS|kW|abbr=on}} per litre. The [[V8 engine]] is badged '63 AMG', and replaced the '55 AMG' M113 engine in most models. The M156 engine produces up to {{convert|391|kW|PS bhp|abbr=on}}, and although some models using this engine do have this output (such as the S63 and CL63 AMGs), specific output varies slightly across other models in the range&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.webwombat.com.au/motoring/news_reports/mercedes-amg-v8-engine.htm |title=Mercedes-AMG 6.2-litre V8 Engine : News &amp; Reports : Motoring |publisher=Web Wombat |date=13 July 2005 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;* The [[Mercedes-Benz W211|(W211) E320 CDI]] which has a [[variable geometry turbocharger]] (VTG) 3.0-litre [[V6 engine|V6]] [[common rail]] diesel engine (producing {{convert|224|hp|abbr=on|disp=/}}), set three world [[endurance]] records. It covered {{convert|100000|mi|km}} in a record time, with an average speed of {{convert|224.823|km/h|2|abbr=on}}. Three identical cars did the endurance run (one set above record) and the other two cars set world records for time taken to cover {{convert|100000|km|0}} and {{convert|50000|mi|km}} respectively. After all three cars had completed the run, their combined distance was {{convert|300000|mi|km}} (all records were FIA approved).&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.edmunds.com/insideline/do/News/articleId=105638 |title=New Mercedes Diesel Engine Breaks World Endurance Record |publisher=Edmunds.com |accessdate=29 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt;{{Clarify|whats the innovation on this?|date=June 2011}}* Mercedes-Benz pioneered a system called [[Pre-Safe]] to detect an imminent crash���and prepares the car's safety systems to respond optimally. It also calculates the optimal braking force required to avoid an accident in emergency situations, and makes it immediately available for when the driver depresses the brake pedal. Occupants are also prepared by tightening the seat belt, closing the sunroof and windows, and moving the seats into the optimal position.Half a century of vehicle safety innovation helped win Mercedes-Benz the Safety Award at the 2007 ''What Car?'' Awards.&lt;ref name=&quot;autogenerated1&quot;/&gt;===Robot cars==={{Main|Driverless car}}In the 1980s, Mercedes built the world's first robot car, together with the team of Professor [[Ernst Dickmanns]] at [[Bundeswehr University Munich]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.idsia.ch/~juergen/robotcars.html |first=J��rgen |last=Schmidhuber |title=Prof. Schmidhuber's highlights of robot car history |year=2009 |accessdate=15 July 2011}}&lt;/ref&gt; Partially encouraged by Dickmanns' success, in 1987 the European Union's [[EUREKA]] programme initiated the [[EUREKA Prometheus Project|Prometheus Project]] on autonomous vehicles, funded to the tune of nearly ���800&amp;nbsp;million. A culmination point was achieved in 1995, when Dickmanns' re-engineered autonomous [[S-Class]] Mercedes took a long trip from [[Munich]] in Bavaria to [[Copenhagen]] in Denmark, and back. On highways, the robot achieved speeds exceeding {{convert|175|km/h|abbr=on}} (permissible in some areas of the German [[Autobahn]]). The car's abilities has heavily influenced robot car research and funding decisions worldwide.==Tuners==Several companies have become [[car tuner]]s (or modifiers) of Mercedes Benz, in order to increase performance and/or luxury to a given model.[[Mercedes-AMG|AMG]] is Mercedes-Benz's in-house performance-tuning division, specialising in high-performance versions of most Mercedes-Benz cars. AMG engines are all hand-built,&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.mercedes-benz.ie/content/ireland/mpc/mpc_ireland_website/enng/home_mpc/passengercars/home/new_cars/AMG_.html |title=Mercedes-Benz Ireland ��� New cars ��� AMG |publisher=Mercedes-benz.ie |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; and each completed engine receives a tag with the signature of the engineer who built it. AMG has been wholly owned by Mercedes-Benz since 1999.&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://www.pistonheads.com/doc.asp?c=103&amp;i=5667 |title=History of AMG |publisher=Pistonheads.com |date=18 October 2002 |accessdate=26 September 2010}}&lt;/ref&gt; The 2009 [[Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG|SLS AMG]], a revival of the 300SL Gullwing, is the first car to be entirely developed by AMG.There are numerous independent tuners including, [[Brabus]], [[Carlsson (car company)|Carlsson]], [[Kleemann]], [[Renntech]], [[Lorinser]] and [[MKB (car company)|MKB]].==Sponsorships==[[File:Mario G��tze, Germany national football team (02).jpg|thumb|200px|right|Mercedes-Benz sponsors [[Mario G��tze]]]]In [[association football|football]], Mercedes-Benz sponsors [[Mario G��tze]] and [[Benedikt H��wedes]]. Mercedes-Benz sponsors [[Fu��ball-Bundesliga|Bundesliga]] club [[VfB Stuttgart]] and provides the naming rights for their stadium, the [[Mercedes-Benz Arena]]. The company also holds the naming rights to the [[Mercedes-Benz Superdome]] in [[New Orleans]], [[Lousiana]].&lt;ref&gt;{{cite web|url=http://espn.go.com/nfl/story/_/id/7058178/mercedes-benz-buys-naming-rights-superdome-home-new-orleans-saints |title=Mercedes-Benz buys naming rights for Superdome, home of New Orleans Saints - ESPN |publisher=Espn.go.com |date=4 October 2011 |accessdate=1 September 2012}}&lt;/ref&gt;==See also==*[[Mercedes-Benz Classic Center]]{{Portal bar|Companies}}==References=={{Reflist|colwidth=30em}}==External links=={{Commons}}&lt;!-- PLEASE discuss any new external links on the talk page before adding them to the article --&gt;* [http://www.mercedes-benz.com/ Official Mercedes-Benz website]*[http://www.daimler.com/Projects/c2c/channel/documents/1828734_Daimler_Mercedes_Benz_Cars_at_a_Glance_2011_en.pdf Official Mercedes-Benz Cars division guide]* {{dmoz|/Recreation/Autos/Makes_and_Models/Mercedes-Benz/|Mercedes-Benz}};Video clips* [http://www.youtube.com/user/mercedesbenztv Mercedes-Benz YouTube channel]&lt;!-- PLEASE discuss any new external links on the talk page before adding them to the article --&gt;{{DaimlerChrysler}}{{Mercedes-Benz vehicles before ww2}}{{Classic Mercedes-Benz vehicles}}{{Mercedes-Benz vehicles}}{{Benz}}{{DMG}}[[Category:Daimler AG]][[Category:Mercedes-Benz| ]][[Category:Automotive transmission makers]][[Category:Belgian Royal Warrant holders]][[Category:Car manufacturers of Germany]][[Category:Companies based in Stuttgart]][[Category:Companies established in 1886]][[Category:Companies established in 1926]][[Category:Emergency services equipment makers]][[Category:German brands]][[Category:Luxury brands]][[Category:Luxury motor vehicle manufacturers]][[Category:Motor vehicle manufacturers of Germany]][[Category:Multinational companies headquartered in Germany]][[Category:Trolleybus manufacturer]]
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